Fowl Cholera: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention and Treatment
Fowl Cholera (avian cholera) is a contagious bacterial disease of birds, caused by the bacterium Pasteurella multocida and its components in birds such as – chickens, turkeys and waterfowl. In recent times, fowl cholera has been a major headache to poultry farmers in most parts of Nigeria and other parts of the world.
In this exclusively detailed article, we are going to highlight some of the symptoms of this highly contagious bird-killing disease, how to to treat infected birds, how to prevent the disease and how you can properly manage your poultry farm in any situation.
Symptoms of Fowl Cholera
- High mortality rate. This is usually the first indication in acute situations.
- Discoloration of combs
- Breathing difficulty
- Loss of appetite
- Greenish diarrhea
- Swollen face or lichen
- Swollen joint
- Constant discharge from mouth, eyes or nostrils
- Pleated feathers
- Abnormal behavior
Causes and Mode of Transmission
These are ways through which the disease can be transmitted from fowl to fowl, and even from one poultry farm to another.
- Direct or indirect contact between birds or infected areas
- Oral or nasal with transmission via nasal secretions, feces, contaminated soil, equipment and people.
- Incubation period is usually 5-8 days.
- Birds that might recover from this disease remain carriers and agents of spreading the disease
How to Prevent Fowl Cholera Disease
- Use a live oral vaccine after 6 weeks
- Adopt strict biosecurity in order to prevent infection from external sources
- Apply all-in all-out production method
- Try the best you can to control and keep rodents away because they could harbour the disease and might infect your birds if they come too close to your poultry farm
- Disinfect all materials in your poultry farm regularly
- Practice environmental sanitation, keep your poultry environment clean and burn every bush or debris around the farm
The best solution in treating infected birds if spotted on time is through drug administration.
You can treat with drugs such as:
- Any other drug near you, as suggested by your vet
In most cases, Fowl Cholera disease reoccurs after administration of treatment. Regular use of medication is strictly adviced.